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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Biting the Bullet: Civil Society, Social Learning and the Transformation of Local Governance
Authors:Johnson, Hazel C.
Wilson, Gordon
Periodical:World Development
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
political systems
waste management
Politics and Government
Abstract:The current concern with the role of civil society in public action on development and social provisioning raises many conceptual and practical questions. Among them is whether the concept of civil society inherently homogenizes social divisions which instead need actively to be confronted and negotiated. A key (and first) hypothesis of the present paper is that social divisions have to be overtly recognized, actively negotiated, and represented if there is to be greater coherence of action and inclusion of hitherto excluded groups in development interventions. The second key hypothesis of the research is that action-learning practices can assist the expression and accommodation of social differences in development programmes. This learning framework was tested in an embryonic waste recycling project in Bindura, Zimbabwe, where actors from a Zimbabwean environmental NGO, the Environmental Health Department of the Town Council in Bindura, and other local entities developed a partnership to set up a recycling scheme that would both resolve some waste management problems and provide livelihoods for the widows of AIDS victims in one of the local communities. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.