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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Poverty Comparisons over Time and Across Countries in Africa
Authors:Sahn, David E.ISNI
Stifel, David C.ISNI
Periodical:World Development
Geographic terms:Subsaharan Africa
Economics and Trade
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(00)00075-9
Abstract:There is great uncertainty about a relatively simple question: has poverty been declining in Africa over the past decade? The authors employ Demographic and Health Surveys to compare poverty at two or more points in time within and between eleven African countries (Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe). In addition, they develop and test a methodology that facilitates comparison of levels of poverty across countries. Their methods revolve around using factor analysis to derive a wealth index based on the assets owned by the household, and thereafter comparing percentages of families whose welfare falls below a certain level in the index distribution. They go on to employ tests of welfare dominance to determine if distributions unambiguously improve or worsen, regardless of the subjective choice in specifying the poverty line and the poverty measure. Their results generally show declines in poverty during the previous decade, largely due to improvements in rural areas. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.