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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Transnationalism and Non-South African Entrepreneurs in South Africa's Small, Medium and Micro-Enterprise (SMME) Economy
Authors:Peberdy, Sally
Rogerson, Christian M.ISNI
Year:2000
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies
Volume:34
Issue:1
Pages:20-40
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:immigration
informal sector
entrepreneurs
Urbanization and Migration
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/486104
Abstract:This article examines the rise of African migrant and immigrant entrepreneurship in South Africa. It demonstrates that these entrepreneurs - who are involved in a wide range of activities as cross-border traders, street traders, and operators of small, medium, and microenterprises (SMMEs) - are connected to strong informal and formal transnational networks of trade, entrepreneurship, and migration. Some of these relationships are direct, as in the case of informal sector cross-border traders and 'shoppers'. Others are less obvious, residing in transnational networks, which are nonetheless important to the capitalization and sustainability of migrant enterprises. The article therefore explores the development of the transnational relationships of African migrant and immigrant entrepreneurs in South Africa. It draws on six recent studies of migrant and immigrant entrepreneurs from sub-Saharan Africa. It shows that this research challenges the conception of the informal sector in four ways: informal sector traders have to negotiate their way through government regulations; it is difficult to disentangle the formal from the informal sector as these migrants have strong interactions with formal sector outlets; although the informal sector is usually seen as a survival strategy, a significant proportion of participants do not want to enter or reenter paid employment; and participants in the informal sector are not territorially bounded, but are connected to transnational networks of entrepreneurship. Notes, ref., sum. in French.
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