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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Policies for Building Post-Conflict Peace
Authors:Bigombe, Betty
Collier, PaulISNI
Sambanis, NicholasISNI
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:civil wars
peace treaties
conflict resolution
Military, Defense and Arms
Politics and Government
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/9/3/323.full.pdf
Abstract:Half of African peace restorations last less than a decade. Risk factors which determine whether a conflict restarts include the extent of natural resource rents, with the peak danger level occurring when natural resource exports constitute around 25-30 percent of GDP, the lack of alternative economic opportunities, and ethnic dominance, which occurs when the largest ethnolinguistic group has between 45 and 80 percent of the population. For each society it is possible to estimate the structure of the generic postconflict risks, providing some guidance to policy prioritization aimed at risk reduction. With better policies, the risk of peace collapse in Africa could be radically reduced. Suggested policy interventions for the international community include controls on rebel access to commodity markets and on the ability of diasporas to finance rebel movements. UN peacekeeping interventions would be more effective if they were multidimensional, combining military with political and developmental roles. A postconflict African government can defuse a volatile military situation through disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration, and make government more inclusive through decentralization and the involvement of traditional authorities. Bibliogr., sum.