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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The forest world as a circulation system: the impacts of Mbuti habitation and subsistence activities on the forest environment
Author:Ichikawa, MitsuoISNI
Year:2001
Periodical:African Study Monographs: Supplementary Issue
Issue:26
Pages:157-168
Language:English
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:Pygmies
forest resources
forestry
Link:http://repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2433/68402/1/ASM_S_26_157.pdf
Abstract:People who live in the forest, such as the Mbuti hunter-gatherers who inhabit the Ituri forest of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), comprise a part of the forest ecosystem and contribute to its maintenance through facilitating the circulation of resources and materials. Human activities and habitation contribute to concentrating otherwise thinly distributed material, such as food and fuels, at the campsite. A campsite is the place where forest resources are both consumed and regenerated. The soil nutrients of a campsite and its surroundings are enriched with the organic matters and minerals supplied by food remains, ashes and bodily wastes. The vicinity of a campsite provides a favourable place for the recycling or reproduction of food resources, by improving light conditions, by supplying seeds and other reproductive resources, and by enriching the soil nutrients. Satellite images of the Ituri forest lack clear-cut distinctions between nature (intact forest) and culture (settlements and agricultural fields), indicating that the landscape has been formed through the long-term interaction between man and vegetation in the forest ecosystem. Bibliogr., notes, sum.
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