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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Democratic Republic of Congo, from Kabila to Kabila
Author:Reyntjens, FilipISNI
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:political stability
civil wars
Politics and Government
External link:http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=420B844BE14B015186A2
Abstract:This article gives an overview of the destabilization process in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) since the 1996-1997 rebellion which brought Laurent-Désiré Kabila to power in May 1997. Slightly over a year later, a new war erupted. Since its inception, this conflict has become increasingly complex. It involves the government armies of Angola, Zimbabwe and Namibia on the side of the Congolese regime, and of Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi on that of rebel forces. Economics has played a growing role in the war. The opportunities offered by the rents derived from war go some way towards explaining why the Lusaka peace accord, which was signed in July 1999, has hardly begun to be implemented. In addition to the war and the de facto partition of the country, the Kabila regime was faced with increasing domestic challenges in the economic as well as the political sphere. After the killing of Kabila in January 2001, his son, Joseph Kabila, emerged as the new President. However, his autonomy is subject to caution, and while he appears to be giving new breath to the Lusaka process, other players have now turned lukewarm. If and when peace returns to the DRC and the region, the international community will need to assist the Congolese in the colossal task of State reconstruction. Notes, ref.