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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Education in Africa Since Independence
Author:Wolhuter, C.C.
Periodical:Africa Insight
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:World Bank
educational policy
Education and Oral Traditions
Development and Technology
Abstract:On its educational trek since independence, Africa has not only embarked upon a quantitative expansion of inherited education systems but has, in its drive to extend educational opportunities, to eradicate adult illiteracy, to Africanize curricula, to enhance teacher training, to invoke community participation in the supply of schools, and to tie education systems with economic development, devised new, ingenious modes of education supply. Exercises intended to promote examination reform and the development of indigenous languages as media of instruction have been launched. These initiatives have met with various degrees of success. The least successful were attempts to link education systems with economic development. Another problem is the deterioration of educational quality and ouput in the wake of the economic crises that set in during the 1980s. To address these problems, informed recommendations have been made by the World Bank. The World Bank strategy can be summarized as follows: adjustment to fiscal realities, revitalization of the existing infrastructure, and selective expansion. The educational strategies pursued by the World Bank should be seen as complementary to those of Africa's educational leaders. By effecting at least some of the reforms recommended by the World Bank, decisionmakers in Africa could enable education to play its role to its full potential in equipping Africa for the challenges of the 21st century. Notes, ref.