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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Gender Differences in Mathematics Performance in the Elementary Grades: Implications for Women's Participation in Scientific and Technical Occupations
Author:Zeleke, SeleshiISNI
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Northeast Africa
Subjects:gender relations
mathematics education
Education and Oral Traditions
Education and Training
Gender-based analysis
Teacher-student relationships
Education of women
Abstract:The marginal participation of women in science and technology in Ethiopia and other developing countries is well recognized. Women's minimal participation in these areas is often attributed to or explained by their poor performance in such school subjects as science and mathematics. This paper examines gender differences in mathematics achievement among fifth and sixth grade students in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) and indentifies factors that account for variations in their performance. The findings indicate that on mathematics tests, boys receive a better mean score than girls, but the difference is statistically significant only at the sixth-grade level. The results suggest three variables as important predictors of boys' and girls' achievement: their attitudes towards mathematics, the school in which they learn and peer expectations. The paper finally discusses the implications of these findings for mathematics education as well as for women's participation in scientific and technical occupations. Bibliogr., notes, sum.