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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Where Have All the Young Men Gone? Evidences and Explanations of Changing Age-Sex Ratios in Kampala
Authors:Wallman, S.
Pons, V.
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Geographic term:Uganda
Subjects:urban population
sex distribution
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Urbanization and Migration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:In the second half of the 20th century the population of Kampala grew substantially and the long-remarked surplus of men over women began to level out. Moreover, censuses show a growing excess of girls/young women over boys/young men. This article focuses on the marked change in the sex ratio in Kampala, and particularly in the 'parish' of Kamwokya II which is, in respect of age and sex composition, typical of the city as a whole. Two levels of explanation are applied: the first extrapolated from Uganda's recent history, the second from observation and narrative in Kamwokya II. The argument is that changes in the age-sex ratio follow from change in the map of work options in Kampala. The disappearance of young males stems from the collapse of the formal economy, once the employer of men, and the developments in the informal economy, which favour young women. This conclusion is supported by census data from Nairobi, where the formal employment structure remains relatively buoyant, and the comparable age-sex ratios are less extreme. The health policy relevance of the Kampala trend is underlined by official calculations of increasing HIV/AIDS incidence among teenage women. As long as sex work remains dominant among their options in the informal economy, one effect of their economic advantage is extra vulnerability to fatal disease. Bibliogr., notes, sum. in English and French.