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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Gaps in the law and policy in the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Zambia
Author:Chanda, Alfred W.ISNI
Periodical:Zambia Law Journal (ISSN 1027-7862)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zambia
Central Africa
Subjects:international agreements
human rights
children's rights
Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
Law reform
economic conditions
social conditions
Abstract:Zambia ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child on 6 December 1991. Although the Constitution and at least twenty-six other pieces of legislation regulate the rights of children in Zambia, in terms of policy, law and practice Zambia has nonetheless fallen far short of implementing the provisions of the Convention. Because Zambia follows the dualist theory, international human rights treaties it has ratified do not automatically become part of the domestic legal system unless Parliament enacts appropriate legislation to this effect. After briefly examining the definition of a child and the general principles underlying the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the author examines substantive rights guaranteed by the Convention and the extent to which they are protected under Zambian law. Focus is on civil rights and freedoms, conducive family environment and alternative care, basic health and welfare, education, children in conflict with the law, and children in situations of exploitation. The author concludes with proposals for reform in Zambian law and policy in order to facilitate full implementation of the Convention. Notes, ref.