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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Circassian Qubba-s of Abbas Avenue, Khartoum: Governors and Soldiers in 19th Century Sudan
Author:McGregor, Andrew
Periodical:Nordic Journal of African Studies
Geographic terms:Egypt
Subjects:prehistoric graves
History and Exploration
Urbanization and Migration
Politics and Government
Military, Defense and Arms
External link:http://www.njas.helsinki.fi/pdf-files/vol10num1/mcgregor.pdf
Abstract:Departing from two Circassian 'qubba'-s, beehive-like tombs from the 19th century in the centre of Karthoum, this article portrays the complicated sequence of power politics in Egypt and Sudan in the 19th century. The graves are reminders of the great variety of people who arrived in Sudan in this period, some to rule, some to exploit, some to colonize and some to develop. Notable among these were many Circassian (also known as Cherkess and Adyghe) military men in Egyptian service, often rising from slavery to assume vitally important positions in the Sudanese administration. The 'qubba'-s on Abbas Avenue, grave monuments of two Circassian governors-general (Ahmad Pasha Abu Adhan and Musa Pasha Hamdi) in the service of Viceroy Muhammad 'Ali and his descendants, are witnesses of Circassian prominence in the Nile valley. Several events contributed to the end of Circassian importance in international affairs in general and in Egypt in particular, including a) the elimination of Mamluk recruitment; b) the conquest of a divided Circassia by Russia; c) the exile of many Circassians to Turkey, Jordan and other points in the Middle East; d) the growth of Arab nationalism in Egypt and other parts of the Ottoman Empire; and e) the momentous changes in power structure of the Ottoman government that culminated in the revolution of the Young Turks. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum