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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Management of Conflicts over Pasture and Fields among the Baggara Arabs of the Sudan Belt
Author:Braukämper, UlrichISNI
Year:2000
Periodical:Nomadic Peoples
Volume:4
Issue:1
Pages:37-49
Language:English
Geographic terms:Sudan
Nigeria
Subjects:ethnic relations
Baggara
Arabs
farmers
pastoralists
customary law
land law
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
External link:https://doi.org/10.3167/082279400782310719
Abstract:In the relations between mobile livestock keepers and sedentary peasants disputes over pastures and cultivated fields are the most common sources of conflict. Basing himself on personal observations of the relations between seminomad and farmer Baggara Arabs - the Fellata in southern Darfur, Sudan, in the 1980s, and the Shuwa in the Lake Chad Basin of northeastern Nigeria in the first half of the 1990s -, the author shows that in most cases regulations of the local customary law are able to solve the problems which arise. In order to restrict damages and respectively compensations and disputes, the Baggara Arabs have established institutions which can be labelled 'the system of the 'zaribas''. The Arabic word 'zariba' refers to an enclosure serving to stable animals. These enclosures are employed as a means for the settling of conflicts caused by domestic stray animals, animals damaging fields and theft of animals. Other regulations discussed include 'urf', which guarantees a widespread network of social alliances and regulations of mutual support in economic activities, and 'khuwa', a more or less formalized category of alliances between groups which are usually not direct neighbours. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in French and Spanish.
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