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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Environment and Resource Management among the San in Botswana
Author:Ikeya, KazunobuISNI
Year:2000
Periodical:Nomadic Peoples
Volume:4
Issue:1
Pages:67-82
Language:English
Geographic term:Botswana
Subjects:social change
San
hunter-gatherers
nomads
agropastoralism
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://doi.org/10.3167/082279400782310629
Abstract:The San living in the Central Kalahari of Botswana - the Gana - engage in a combination of hunting-gathering and agropastoralism, while continuing to maintain a seminomadic life. This paper first describes the goat grazing and goat management systems, agricultural techniques and combinations of occupations practised by the San inhabitants of Molapo (Central Kalahari Game Reserve), based on field research carried out between 1987 and 1993. The study focuses on the social relationships involved in the two main occupations, viz. gathering of wild watermelons and goat raising. Next, attention is paid to the changes that have occurred in Molapo in terms of migration routes and occupations over the period 1976-1989. The author suggests that changes in the utilization and management of resources throw light on the reasons why the Gana in Molapo opposed the Botswana government's plan to resettle them outside the Central Kalahari Game Reserve in order to protect wildlife in the reserve. Bibliogr., sum. in French and Spanish.
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