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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Communal Land Rights in Zimbabwe as State Sanction and Social Control: A Narrative
Author:Mbiba, BeaconISNI
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:customary law
land law
Urbanization and Migration
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Politics and Government
Abstract:Land remains the most central issue underpinning social, economic and political processes in southern and eastern Africa. However, the dominance of and preoccupation with the repossession of former settler colonial (white-owned) large farms for distribution to the marginalized majority black population has delayed or precluded serious attention to other more subtle land related conflicts. This article explores land problems facing communal land in Zimbabwe, including land pressure and access. It argues that communal lands in Zimbabwe are a construct inherited from colonial days (prior to 1980) which goverments in postcolonial Zimbabwe have found convenient to maintain rather than dismantle. The construct is not only a convenient framework for the delivery of collective consumption goods but in turn it enables the government to subtly use communal lands as a framework for social control, especially in terms of urban management. The continued existence of communal land areas and land rights also sustains processes of social control at the household level. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French.