Go to AfricaBib home

Go to AfricaBib home AfricaBib Go to database home

bibliographic database

Previous page New search

The free AfricaBib App for Android is available here

Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Structural Adjustment, State Power and Genocide: The World Bank and Rwanda
Author:Storey, Andy
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic term:Rwanda
Subjects:World Bank
economic policy
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
international relations
Politics and Government
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Ethnic and Race Relations
Abstract:The Rwandan genocide of 1994 has been partly attributed to State weakness or collapse, and the weakness or collapse has in turn been partly attributed to the policies of the World Bank and the IMF, which continued to support this State. Neither argument is valid. The elaboration of these two arguments constitutes the main theme of this article. It first outlines the centrality of State power to an anlysis of Rwanda in general and of the preparations for genocide in particular. Next, it examines the themes that constituted the staples of World Bank discourse vis-Ó-vis Rwanda in the early 1990s: the insistence on the State as a mediative/neutral actor; the underplaying of social divisions within the country; the stress on the (technical) 'correctness' of adjustment policies; the analysis of politics in terms of abstracted 'interest groups'; and the need to persuade the population of the merits of reform. These themes flowed directly from the institutional requirements of the Bank itself, and not from any detailed analysis of the specificity of Rwanda. In Rwanda, the Bank's discursive construction missed a critical element of what was actually happening - sharply rising inequality, accelerating Úlite enrichment and corruption, and preparations for massive violence on the part of those who controlled the State. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.