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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Water Policy and Environmental Sustainability: The Case of Post-Colonial Namibia
Author:Forrest, Joshua B.
Year:2001
Periodical:Public Administration and Development
Volume:21
Issue:5
Period:December
Pages:393-400
Language:English
Geographic term:Namibia
Subjects:agricultural projects
water supply
water management
environment
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
Link:https://doi.org/10.1002/pad.194
Abstract:In semi-arid countries, particularly in Africa, governments have evolved water policies oriented toward 'techno-giantist', grand-scale schemes that have generally accelerated the depletion of national water tables. In Namibia, such a techno-giantist water management strategy was utilized to reinforce the privileges of white minority farmers prior to independence. In the post-independence period, techno-giantist projects such as the Epupa dam, Etunda irrigation, Okavango River exploitation and nationwide borehole proliferation have enabled the government to respond to popular demands for increased water supply in a way that reinforces its claim on political sovereignty. Such projects allow the Namibian national leadership to project an image of authoritative control, of environmental manipulation and of taking concrete, highly visible steps at resolving the country's growing water shortages. However, a water supply approach focused on more microlevel extraction techniques through which aquifer recharge is prioritized is more likely to assure both local-level water access and water table sustainability. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.
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