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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Empowering Pyromaniacs in Madagascar: Ideology and Legitimacy in Community-Based Natural Resource Management
Author:Kull, Christian A.
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Madagascar
natural resource management
Development and Technology
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Politics and Government
Abstract:Development practitioners frequently rely on community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) as an approach to encourage equitable and sustainable environmental resource use. Based on eighteen months of research on grassland and woodland burning carried out in the period 1996-1999 in highland Madagascar, this article argues that the success of CBNRM depends upon the real empowerment of local resource users and attention to legitimacy in local institutions. Two key factors - obstructive environmental ideologies ('received wisdoms') and the complex political and social arena of 'community' governance - challenge empowerment and legitimacy and can transform outcomes. In Madagascar, persistent hesitancy among leaders over the legitimate role of fire has sidetracked a new CBNRM policy called Gelose (gestion locale sécurisée / secure local management) away from one of its original purposes - community fire management - towards other applications, such as community management of forest exploitation. In addition, complications with local governance frustrate implementation efforts. Bibliogr., notes, sum.