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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Dilemmas of Counter-Mapping Community Resources in Tanzania
Authors:Hodgson, Dorothy L.ISNI
Schroeder, Richard A.
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Tanzania
natural resource management
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7660.00241
Abstract:The recent dramatic resurgence of the community scale as central organizing principle of natural resource management and the simultaneous emergence of powerful and relatively accessible mapping and spatial analysis technologies have given rise to a wide range of popular resource mapping exercises worldwide. These efforts, sometimes called 'counter-mapping' due to their intent of countering dominant representations of property regimes and land use practices, have opened up new political ecological terrain on which struggles over resources are linked to fundamental questions of culture, identity and power. This article briefly reviews the counter-mapping literature and compares four counter-mapping projects that emerged in predominantly Maasai areas in Tanzania in the 1980s to explore some potential pitfalls in such efforts. The cases, which involve community-based initiatives led by a church-based NGO, ecotourism companies, the Tanzanian National Parks Authority, and grassroots pastoralist rights advocacy groups, illustrate the broad range of activities grouped under the heading of counter-mapping. They also present a series of political dilemmas that are typical of many counter-mapping efforts: conflicts inherent in conservation efforts involving territorialization, privatization, integration, and indigenization; problems associated with the theory and practice of 'community-level' political engagement; the need to combine mapping efforts with broader legal and political strategies; and critical questions involving the agency of 'external' actors such as conservation and development donors, the State and private business interests. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.