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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Real Men Reawaken Their Fathers' Homesteads, the Educated Leave Them in Ruins': The Politics of Domestic Reproduction in Post-Apartheid Rural South Africa
Author:Ngwane, Zolani
Periodical:Journal of Religion in Africa
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:generation conflicts
child rearing
Religion and Witchcraft
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/1581467
Abstract:In 1996/1997 the author visited Cancele, a small rural community in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, marked by unusually high levels of generational conflicts, particularly between men of 35 years and older and those from about 17 to 30 years old. Presenting a historical ethnography of these conflicts, this paper engages debates on the consequences of global neoliberalism in local contexts. Through cash from migrant labour, rural household heads exercised power over domesticated economies. Ideologically this power translated into the symbolic articulation of two institutions of social reproduction - the school and initiation rite - such that the educated and potentially alienated subjects yielded by the former were resocialized through the latter into local subjects of the chief and sons of their fathers. With rising unemployment rates since the 1980s, however, the older men lost the material base for their monopoly over this symbolic structure. The generational conflicts that ensued reflected at once the attendant contradictions in social consciousness and consequent struggles to renegotiate the symbolic purchase of the relations between schooling and initiation. Bibliogr., notes, sum.