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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Developing Countries and Incipient Industrialization: A Case Study of Enterprise Clustering and Inter-Firm Relations in Small and Medium-Scale Manufacturing Industries in Lobatse, Botswana
Authors:Nakizito, J.
Darkoh, M.B.K.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Social Development in Africa (ISSN 1012-1080)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills., maps
Geographic terms:Botswana
Southern Africa
Subjects:small-scale industry
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Economics, Commerce
economic development
Small business
Medium enterprises
Lobatse (Botswana)
developing countries
Abstract:The small or medium-scale subsector is now widely recognized by governments, businesses and the academic community as playing a vital role in the development of an economy. There is recent international literature suggesting that when these firms operate in clusters, it may help them overcome many growth constraints by promoting collective efficiency, facilitating the growth of firms in small steps and making it easier to respond to opportunities and crises. Based on research conducted in 2000, this paper examines whether there are any industrial clusters in Lobatse, a small industrial centre in Botswana, and if so, whether they result in high inter-firm relations. For operational purposes, the study adopts H. Schmitz's definition of clustering, that is, the spatial agglomeration of small and medium-scale manufacturing enterprises. Two clusters were identified in Woodhall industrial site and in Peleng. Results from the survey indicate that there are no high inter-firm relations within the clusters. Little evidence of linkages and networking exists. There is little subcontracting in the clusters as each firm does all its production by itself. Small and medium-scale manufacturing enterprises in Lobatse operate separately from each other to produce distinct products. Bibliogr., sum.