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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Agricultural Supply Response in Tanzania: Has Adjustment Really Worked?
Author:Danielson, Anders
Periodical:African Development Review
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:economic policy
agricultural production
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Abstract:Economic reforms initiated with IMF support in 1986 have brought many improvements in Tanzania. Much has been accomplished, both in terms of stabilizing the macroeconomy, changing the production structure and improving the possibility for market-led growth. However, while optimism is characterizing much of the donor discussion of Tanzania there are reasons to believe that deep structural problems are still haunting the economy. In particular, while standard macroeconomic indicators have improved steadily over the past six years, agricultural output in per capita terms is falling at an alarming rate. In addition, expanding sectors with a potential for earning foreign exchange are either too small in absolute terms (mining) or growing too slowly (manufacturing and toursim) to be able to replace cash crops in the near future. This paper examines the relations between crop output and farm-gate prices focusing on the extent to which market-oriented reforms had had the desired impact on crop output. It concludes that farmers often respond as predicted to price incentives, but that structural features of the agricultural sector often prevent the improved incentives being translated into high agricultural growth. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French.