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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Government Recognition in Somalia and Regional Political Stability in the Horn of Africa
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Somalia
Subjects:political stability
Politics and Government
Inter-African Relations
Women's Issues
Abstract:In August 2000, a government for Somalia was parachuted into the southern part of the country, with a mandate to achieve unification of this fragmented edge of the Horn of Africa. The Transitional National Government (TNG), as it called itself, came out of the Somali National Peace Conference held at Arta, Djibouti, from 2 May to 25 August 2000. The fate of the TNG during the first year of its existence was the opposite to the situation of its main rival, the Somaliland government, which claimed to govern the former British Somaliland. The latter had achieved a considerable degree on internal stability and a firm control over much of its territory, but had failed to obtain international recognition as representing an independent State; the TNG, on the contrary, obtained a remarkable degree of international recognition even before it had gained effective control over the capital city. This article looks into the internal and regional dynamics created by the Arta peace process and its outcome, and assesses the impact of positions taken by countries of the region, regional organizations and the international community with regard to government recognition in Somalia. It argues that granting or withholding recognition to one or other political leadership has been driven by specific interests and only to a lesser degree by the acknowledgement of factual reality on the ground. The final result of such interference is still uncertain. Notes, ref., sum.