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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Pursuit of Justice in Post-Genocide Rwanda: An Evaluation of the International and Domestic Legal Responses
Authors:Musungu, Sisule F.
Louw, Lirette
Periodical:East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights (ISSN 1021-8858)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Rwanda
East Africa
Subjects:international criminal law
international criminal courts
offences against human rights
Law, Human Rights and Violence
international law
human rights
Justice, Administration of
Abstract:In 1994, in the small African State of Rwanda, an estimated one million people were massacred over a three-month period. In cases of gross human rights violations such as the genocide in Rwanda, the deterrent value of legal sanctions in the form of punishment internationally or nationally is often regarded as the most tangible measure to prevent future violations. This paper evaluates the various legal responses that were fashioned both at the international and national levels to deal with transitional justice in post-genocide Rwanda. It describes in first instance the legal response from the international community, focusing specifically on the functioning of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Secondly, the actions of third States acting under the universality principle and in fulfillment of UN Security Council resolutions are explored. Thirdly, the domestic legal response through the criminal system of Rwanda and the newly established gacaca courts is analysed and its contribution to justice and reconciliation is evaluated. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]