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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Islam, the Orthodox Church and Oromo Nationalism (Ethiopia)
Author:Abbas, Gnamo HajiISNI
Periodical:Cahiers d'études africaines
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:Ethiopian Church
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Ethnic and Race Relations
Abstract:The Oromo constitute the largest single national group in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. Many of them were converted to Islam, some have embraced Christianity, some remained faithful to their indigenous religion. Most conversions to the two monotheistic religions took place after the conquest of Abyssinia in the 19th century. This article highlights the relationship between the Orthodox Church and Islam vis-ŕ-vis the nascent but rapidly developing Oromo nationalism. Based on the analysis of Oromo ethnography, history, system of thought and contemporary political movements, it argues that Oromo nationalism is the antithesis of the Ethiopian State/official nationalism supported by the Orthodox Church. It demonstrates that Islam is not a driving ideological force of Oromo's political struggle. On the one hand, Islam in contradiction with many aspects of the pre-existing culture such as the 'gadaa' (generational group) system and other values from which the nationalists try to draw inspiration to build their future. On the other hand, from a strategic perspective, the adoption of Islam or Christianity as an ideological tool of their nationalism would be a factor of more division and fragmentation. Oromo mainstream nationalism is actually evolving on a secular political trajectory. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French.