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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Costa d'Avorio, dalla prima alla seconda repubblica: identità e modello di sviluppo
Author:Silvestri, AndreaISNI
Periodical:Africa: rivista trimestrale di studi e documentazione
Geographic term:Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
Subjects:political conditions
political stability
Abstract:The military coup d'État of Christmas 1999 which removed the elected President Henri Konan Bédié of Côte d'Ivoire also meant the end of the first Republic, created at the country's independence by Félix Houphouët Boigny. Transition towards the second Republic, launched by General Guëi and implemented by the former (socialist) opponent Laurent Gbagbo, has been difficult. The presidential and parliamentary elections held in 2000 have been strongly questioned due to the exclusion of former Prime Minister Ouattara. During the last years, tensions centred on the controversial issue of nationality and 'ivoirité' have developed between people in the North, who are mostly Muslim, and people in the South, who are largely Christian and animist. This nationalistic ideology has also incited xenophobic tendencies towards the numerous immigrants (26 percent of the whole population, according to the 1998 census), and has provoked tensions with neighbouring countries. The purpose of this survey is to study the political and social causes of the Ivorian crisis, which are partially linked to some ambiguous aspects of the Houphouët Boigny system, and to provide an initial analysis of the perspectives opened by the Forum for National Reconciliation held in Abidjan from October 9 until December 18, 2001. Notes, ref., sum. in English and French, text in Italian.