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Title:Factors Related to the Morale of Agriculture Teachers in Machakos District
Authors:Mwangi, John Gowland
Mwai, Kimu AugustinoISNI
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
Subjects:work attitudes
agricultural education
Development and Technology
Education and Oral Traditions
educational systems
sustainable development
Agricultural training
Machacos District (Kenya)
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/eastern_africa_social_science_research_review/v018/18.2mwangi.pdf
Abstract:A well-functioning education system is necessary for sustained socioeconimic development and rapid progress in science and technology. Such a system requires well-trained teachers with high morale, who are good role models. This study, designed to determine the morale of agriculture teachers in Machakos District, Kenya, and factors affecting it, explains why low morale leads to teachers' apathy, poor job performance, increased value for material rewards, dissatisfaction with school authorities, low turnover and constant shortage. The study shows a gender imbalance favouring male teachers. Besides qualification, personal characteristics were not significantly related to teachers' morale as morale factors. They include inadequate pay, poor career structure, lack of promotion opportunities, poor school facilities, inadequate school disciplinary policy, attitudes and behaviour of the school head and other teachers, and pupils' poor work attitudes and lack of interest in school. Lack of trained teachers had forced schools to hire untrained agriculture teachers, which was likely to lower the quality of education. The researchers concluded that teachers' morale could be improved by giving them pay that matches inflation, job tenure, improved teaching facilities, promotion opportunities, managerial responsibilities and administrative support. Bibliogr., sum.