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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Differential Reestablishment of Voluntary and Involuntary Migrants: The Case of Metekel Settlers in Ethiopia
Author:Gebre, Yntiso
Periodical:African Study Monographs
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:internal migration
Urbanization and Migration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:Voluntary and involuntary resettlements are distinguished on the basis of the decisionmaking power of migrants, their willingness to leave their original residence, the presence of push/pull factors, and the age make-up of relocatees. The distinction addresses the conditions and behaviours of potential migrants prior to their relocation. However, much remains unknown about the conduct of voluntary and involuntary settlers in the period of reestablishment in the new environment. During the mid-1980s the Ethiopian government relocated about 600,000 people from drought-affected and over-populated regions to different resettlement sites. This paper studies the settlers in the Metekel resettlement area, Western Ethiopia, with the objective to investigate, compare and contrast their adaption experiences. The paper is based on research conducted by the author between September 1998 and December 1999. Despite the fact that the resettlement authorities treated settlers alike, most voluntary migrants appeared materially better off than most involuntary settlers. These differential readjustment experiences thus suggest that the manner of resettlement may determine the pace and degree of successful reestablishment. Bibliogr., sum.