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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:East African Pastoralism in Transition: Maasai, Boran, and Rendille Cases
Author:Fratkin, Elliot M.ISNI
Year:2001
Periodical:African Studies Review
Volume:44
Issue:3
Period:December
Pages:1-25
Language:English
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:social change
Boran
Maasai
Rendille
nomads
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/525591
Abstract:Pastoralist societies in East Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda) face more demands on their way of life than at any previous time. Population growth, loss of herding lands to farmers, ranchers, game parks, and urban growth, increased commoditization of the livestock economy, out-migration by poor pastoralists, and dislocations brought about by drought, famine, and civil war are increasing throughout the region. These problems are intensified as international development programmes encourage privatization and individuation of formerly communally held resources. The examples of the Maasai, Boran, and Rendille of Kenya demonstrate that East African pastoralists are responding to the social, political, and economic challenges with increased economic diversification including agropastoralism, wage labour, and increased market integration. These changes result in increased social and economic stratification, urban migration, and diminished nutrition for women and children. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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