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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Changes in Well-Being in Zimbabwe, 1990-1996: Evidence Using Semi-Parametric Density Estimates
Authors:Alwang, Jeffrey
Mills, Bradford F.
Taruvinga, Nelson
Year:2002
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Volume:11
Issue:3
Period:September
Pages:326-364
Language:English
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:migration
employment
social welfare
droughts
Economics and Trade
Link:http://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/11/3/326.full.pdf
Abstract:Semi-parametric density reweighting techniques are used to examine sources of change in well-being in Zimbabwe during the first half of the 1990s. Changes in urban well-being are decomposed into changes in employment propensities, changes in human capital attainment and changes in the structure of urban employment choice. Declines in national well-being are decomposed into changes resulting from urbanrural residence choice and changes in the structure of residential location. Finally, worsening rural conditions are decomposed into that part due to drought and that due to household attributes. Results show that despite improvements in human capital attainment during the 1990s, well-being has worsened in all employment states. Investments in human capital only partially offset the general worsening of the economy. Likewise, decisions to migrate to urban areas from rural Zimbabwe helped offset worsening rural conditions. Drought explains a small amount of the general rural decline, but the bigger part of the worsening was due to general equilibrium effects associated with a deteriorating economy. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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