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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Determinants of Child Labour and Child Schooling in Ghana
Author:Ray, Ranjan
Year:2002
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Volume:11
Issue:4
Period:December
Pages:561-590
Language:English
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:child labour
poverty
education
Labor and Employment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Education and Oral Traditions
Link:http://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/11/4/561.full.pdf
Abstract:This paper investigates the main determinants of child labour and child schooling in Ghana, with special reference to their interaction. The child labour data come from the Ghana Living Standards Measurement Survey (GLSS) in 1988/1989. The study provides evidence on the impact of poverty and quality of schooling on child labour hours, taking into account their potential endogeneity. The exercise distinguishes between cluster poverty and household poverty in the two-stage estimation procedure proposed by J. Heckman (1979). In addition, it relies on a set of non-common regressors to identify the child labour hours regression from the selection equation. Other methodological features include simultaneous equations estimation of child labour, child schooling and poverty, taking into account their joint endogeneity. The empirical results contain some evidence of sharp rural urban differences, thus pointing to the need to adopt region specific policies in enhancing child welfare. However, rural, semi-urban and urban Ghana agree on the effective role that improved school attendance can play in curbing child labour. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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