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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A Measure of Civilisation: Revisiting the Caledon Valley Frontier
Author:Coplan, David B.ISNI
Periodical:Social Dynamics
Geographic terms:South Africa
Orange Free State
Subjects:ethnic relations
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02533950008458697
Abstract:The Caledon Valley (South Africa) was the eastern extremity of the Orange River frontier zone from the sixteenth century, at the time of the Khoisan encounter with Bantu moving south. The overlay of a second, 'Bastard'/Griqua, white frontier between 1780 and 1860, was superseded by the ultimate Sotho-Briton-Boer frontier beginning in the 1830s and operating to the present. The present author's interpretation of what happened in this frontier zone, known as Transorangia and which became the Transvaal and later the Orange Free State, probes the relations over time between the various ethnic groups which occupied the area and their relationship to the land. These groups include the Bushmen (San), the Sotho-Tswana, the Khoi Koranna, the Bastard/Griqua, the Boers and white emigrant farmers. A recurring aspect of intergroup relations is the status of 'whiteness' set against that of the 'civilized' (black) Christian. Part of the story has a direct bearing on the consolidation of the Basotho as a nation and the survival of Lesotho outside the ambit of South African political structures. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]