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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Shaping of San Livelihood Strategies: Government Policy and Popular Values
Author:Taylor, Michael
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Botswana
animal husbandry
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7660.00263
Abstract:This paper examines the livelihood strategies of San people, or 'Basarwa' in Khwai, Mababe and Gudigwa, three villages on the northern peripheries of the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Basarwa have a heritage of hunting and gathering, which stands in contrast to the predominantly pastoral heritage of most of the rest of Botswana's population. Basarwa suffer from poverty, marginalization from political processes and ethnic stigmatization. Basarwa on the peripheries of the Okavango Delta have also been particularly affected by the growth of conservation and tourism. The paper focuses on the three different aspects of money, livestock and wildlife resources. Basarwa are disadvantaged in all three of these realms, a function of their 'remoteness': geographically, they are distant from educational establishments and employment opportunities; socially, they are peripheralized from the values that dictate decisionmaking over factors affecting their livelihood strategies. The land on which they live is categorized as a wildlife area, which means that the rearing of livestock either receives little assistance or is not tolerated. Legislation restricting hunting by Basarwa gives little cognizance to the opinion of many Basarwa that wildlife is a resource to which they are entitled because of their specific history. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]