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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Impact of AIDS on Rural Households in Africa: A Shock Like any Other?
Author:Baylies, Carolyn L.
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Zambia
rural households
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Health and Nutrition
Economics and Trade
Development and Technology
Abstract:In areas where HIV prevalence is high, household production can be significantly affected and the integrity of households compromised. Yet policy responses to the impact of HIV/AIDS have been muted in comparison to outcomes of other shocks, such as drought or complex political emergencies. This paper looks at the reasons for the apparent underreaction to AIDS, drawing on data collected in Zambia in the mid-1990s. A small survey of some 150 adults was carried out in Chipapa, near Lusaka, and Minga, near the township of Petauke. The paper also examines recent calls to mitigate the effects of AIDS at household level. Critical consideration is directed at proposals relating to community safety nets, micro finance and the mainstreaming of AIDS within larger poverty alleviation programmes. The paper argues that effective initiatives must attend to the specific features of AIDS, incorporating both an assault on those inequalities which drive the epidemic and sensitivity to the staging of AIDS both across and within households. A multi-pronged approach is advocated which is addressed not just at mitigation or prevention, but also at emergency relief, rehabilitation and development. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]