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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:African presence in Iran: identity and its reconstruction in the 19th and 20th centuries
Author:Mirzai, Behnaz A.ISNI
Periodical:Outre-mers: revue d'histoire
Geographic terms:Iran
Abstract:The establishment of Afro-Iranian communities in Iran was to a great extent due to the slave trading activities of Arabs, Persians and Indians in the Persian Gulf in the 19th century. This study is based on archival documents relating to slavery in Iran and England, and on interviews with local people of Bandar Abbas, Minab and Qishm in Iran. It examines the African presence in Iran in the 19th and 20th centuries by surveying their geographical dispersal, socioeconomic status, culture and rituals. Attention is drawn to the fact that Afro-Iranians were scattered in various coastal regions of southern Iran in different periods. It is also argued that some elements associated with the African homeland were preserved by Afro-Iranians and that this cultural heritage, which includes common rituals such as Zar, not only unified their communities but also led to the reconstruction of a new identity in the host land. The recognition of this identity allows an appreciation of the continuity of African history in relation with the diaspora. Notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [ASC Leiden abstract]