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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Politics and Nigerian agriculture in the first decade of the 'oil boom', 1970-1980: a preliminary assessment
Authors:Olorunfemi, A.
Adesina, O.C.ISNI
Periodical:The Nigerian Journal of Economic History
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:agricultural crisis
agricultural policy
petroleum extraction
agricultural production
Abstract:An overall evaluation of government programmes to restore the agricultural sector in Nigeria to its pre 'oil boom' levels indicates that actions were haphazard and insincere. Despite the increase in expenditure in the agricultural sector, successive governments failed to implement the capital programmes they piously proclaimed. Most of the proposed structures and strategies did not include any serious consideration of the peasant farmers who were the actual producers. Their interests were only taken into account when they were needed as wage labourers on the various River Basin Development Authorities and agricultural development projects which had displaced them from their farmlands. Through the ad hoc operation of farming and agricultural schemes the government not only became directly involved in food production, thereby bypassing the rural farmers, whose productivity was responsible for advances in the sector, but it also became an inefficient producer. The involvement of multinational corporations, rather than helping to alleviate the crisis in the agricultural sector, has resulted in the exploitation of the sector at the expense of Nigeria's agricultural needs and the development of its agricultural base. Ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]