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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A perturbação da Pax Lusitana: resistência passiva na Guiné 'Portuguesa' durante os primeiros anos do Estado Novo
Author:Mendy, P. KaribeISNI
Periodical:Revista internacional de estudos Africanos
Geographic terms:Guinea-Bissau
Abstract:Despite the official pacification of the continental territory of Guinea-Bissau in 1915, the population of the Bijagos archipelago continued to offer strong resistance to Portuguese occupation until their final defeat in 1936. Given the hostility of the indigenous population, the maintenance of the colonial regime implanted following the pacification of the territory continued to depend to a great extent on coercion and violence. Methods used to repress the population included the establishment of a network of administrative and legal machinery together with the imposition of Portuguese culture. The administrative network spread through the majority of villages, allowing the authorities, through the 'indigenato' regime, to maintain a tight control over the subjugated populations. These, in turn, resisted the colonial system imposed by the Portuguese through different forms of disobedience and non-collaboration. The abuses practised by the colonial regime eventually led, in 1959, to a strike by Bissau dockers and boat crews, one of the most exploited labour groups in the colony, provoking a violent reaction by the colonial authorities in which fifty labourers were massacred. This so-called 'Pidjiguiti Massacre' marked the end of passive resistance and the beginning of open conflict. Ref., sum. in English, text in Portuguese. [Journal abstract, edited]