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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:O estrangulamento do associativismo político são-tomense na década de 30
Author:Nascimento, AugustoISNI
Year:1995
Periodical:Revista internacional de estudos Africanos
Issue:18-22
Pages:195-213
Language:Portuguese
Geographic terms:São Tomé and Principe
Portugal
Subjects:colonialism
opposition parties
Abstract:In São Tomé and Principe, the 1930s were marked by economic difficulties facing the 'roças' (cacao plantations), by harsh financial measures and, consequently, by the deterioration of the living conditions of the European and African inhabitants of the islands. In concrete terms, the islanders were affected by the increasingly effective collection of the indigenous head tax. Under these circumstances, some individuals, linked to political activities in São Tomé during the period of the First Republic, attempted to revive the National African Party (Partido Nacional Africano) and stimulate an opposition movement. Despite the ambiguity with which the leaders of the revived PNA tried to overcome the adverse political conditions, the relative breadth and direction of the protest provoked a police response through which the colonial government apparently extinguished the movement. This episode highlights elements relevant for a discussion of the character of anticolonial reaction in that period, as well as the contents of São Tomé memory and nationalism. Notes, ref., sum. in English, text in Portuguese. [Journal abstract]
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