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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:São Tomé e Príncipe: boatos, rádio Boca a Boca e panfletos anónimos na cultura política local
Author:Seibert, GerhardISNI
Periodical:Revista internacional de estudos Africanos
Geographic term:São Tomé and Principe
Abstract:Rumours and anonymous pamphlets have played important roles in São Tomé and Prícipe's modern history when consecutively the colonial government and an authoritarian one-party regime suppressed critical debate and open opposition was prohibited. However, despite the recent democratization process and the freedom of speech, both phenomena have remained persistent features in public and political life. The article explains the characteristics of rumours and seeks to place them in the wider context of the everyday exchange of news in the archipelago's small and intimate environment marked by face-to-face relations and patterns of oral communication. In such a small 'goldfish bowl' society people have to get along with each other. Consequently, people tend to avoid open dispute and recur to the spread of rumours to denounce scandals and blacken politicians. To some extent anonymous pamphlets are understood as being closely linked to rumours, however they are exclusively produced and spread by members of the local elite. They allow competing individuals and factions to fight each other without risking the incalculable consequences of an overt conflict in a poor society marked by many mutual dependencies, where the adversary might serve as ally in a future contest with a third party. Notes, ref., sum. in English, text in Portuguese. [Journal abstract]