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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Spatial Distribution of Cattle Herds as a Response to Natural and Social Environments. A Case Study From the Zamfara Reserve, Northwest Nigeria
Author:Hoffmann, Irene
Periodical:Nomadic Peoples
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Northern Nigeria
animal husbandry
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:Data on livestock numbers are generally hard to obtain in northern Nigeria. Collecting data on herd size by counting or interviews is problematic. This study describes size and composition of the herds counted along transects on natural range in the Zamfara Forest Reserve in northern Zamfara State, North Nigeria, where research was carried out between 1992 and 1998. The method of animal counts along transects has been established mainly in the field of wildlife studies for the assessment of game populations in inaccessible areas. For the present study, interviews with Fulani herders and Hausa farmers were also conducted. The study presents results on stocking densities on rangeland and cropland; the composition of herds; differences in breed; and herd size. While transect counts of livestock do not allow the identification of individual livestock owners, breed composition and size of herds, together with interviews, do give indications concerning different groups of livestock owners and holding size. The results highlight the importance of the Zamfara Reserve as a grazing area for all groups of cattle owners. Bibliogr., sum. in French and Spanish. [ASC Leiden abstract]