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Title:Factors Affecting Technical Efficiency among Coffee Farmers in Cote d'Ivoire: Evidence from the Centre West Region
Authors:Nyemeck Binam, Joachim
Sylla, Kalilou
Diarra, Ibraham
Nyambi, Gwendoline
Periodical:African Development Review
Geographic term:Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
agricultural productivity
agricultural technology
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Labor and Employment
External link:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1467-8268.00063/pdf
Abstract:This paper presents measures of technical efficiency for a sample of 81 peasant farmers in the low-income centre west region of Côte d'Ivoire. DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) techniques were used to compute farm-level technical efficiency (TE) measures. The analysis reveals average levels of technical efficiency equal to 36 percent and 47 percent respectively for the CCR (Charnes et al., 1978) and BCC (Banker et al., 1984) models. These results suggest that substantial gains in output and/or decreases in cost can be attained given existing technology. In a second step analysis, two-limit Tobit regression techniques were used to examine the relationship between TE and various farm/farmer characteristics. From a policy point of view, an important conclusion stemming from the analysis of the sample is that family size, membership of a farmers' club or association and the origin of the farmer are the variables found to be most promising for action. The analysis suggests that policymakers should foster the development of the formal farmers' club or association by building the capacity of the farmers in creation and management skills. The analysis also supports the argument for public sector involvement in the provision of information on labour force management to peasant farmers as a means to improve efficiency levels, and thus household incomes. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]