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Title:Poverty and Women Development Strategies: Lessons from Policy Targeting and Public Transfers in Nigeria
Author:Bogunjoko, Julius O.ISNI
Periodical:The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:rural development
rural women
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
Abstract:The Nigerian government has tried to implement a number of poverty alleviation and mass literacy programmes to improve life for its disadvantaged citizens, especially women. The Better Life for Rural Women programme, set up under the Babangida administration is one such example. This programme metamorphosed into the Family Support Programme (FSP) under the Abacha regime. The high level of concern for rural women was predicated on the fact that SAP-induced poverty affected more women than men. Though these programmes were intended to be self financing, they were largely sustained by public transfers in the form of budgetary allocations and price subsidies. This paper shows that the developing of some basic services is beneficial to women. The monopolization of the power structure by men has led to class-based gender oppression. The apparent misappropriation of funds and the fanfare and flamboyance that has characterized these programmes have led to the misdirection of the expected benefits to unintended beneficiaries. To right this requires a strengthening of the framework of the programme. This paper recommends the reorganization of the power structure along democratic lines, and the close monitoring of its impact of the transfers on the equity, efficiency, and empowerment of women. In the long run, the integration of women into the development process through balanced, calculated, and conscious planning is the only viable option. Bibliogr. notes, sum. [Journal abstract, edited]