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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Institutional Arrangements for Water Resource Use: A Case Study from Southern Zimbabwe
Authors:Nemarundwe, Nontokozo
Kozanayi, Witness
Year:2003
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Volume:29
Issue:1
Period:March
Pages:193-206
Language:English
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:water management
water
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3557416
Abstract:The last two decades of the twentieth century saw the emergence of new strategies for natural resource management throughout the southern African region. There has been a clear shift from the centralized and State-driven natural resource management regimes of the colonial period and the immediate postindependence years towards decentralized and mainly community-based management regimes. This approach is clearly articulated in theories of collective action and Common Property Resource Management (CPRM), in which the focus has been on getting the institutions right. Theories of collective management of water resources concentrate on productive irrigation water, thereby reinforcing notions of economic motivations for collective action. This article examines both individual and collective institutional arrangements for managing water resources, focusing on a case study area in southern Zimbabwe. Many rules governing water resource use are implicit or unwritten. In most cases, these institutional arrangements allow conditional access based on appropriate use. Water is used for many purposes and the rules differ according to the type of use. Priority is given to cleanliness around the water sources, particularly where drinking water is concerned. This is key to determining who has access to water sources, especially those that are privately owned. The study shows that there is general compliance and minimal conflict over water use despite the lack of written rules, and regardless of the shift in boundaries of use during times of stress, such as during the dry season or in drought years. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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