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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:British Influence on Military Training and Education in South Africa: The Case of the South African Military Academy and its Predecessor
Author:Visser, Deon
Periodical:South African Historical Journal
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:military history
armed forces
military education
History and Exploration
Military, Defense and Arms
Education and Oral Traditions
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02582470208671419
Abstract:At the turn of the 19th century, vast cultural differences and, above all, the two broken Boer republics lay between the Afrikaners and their English-speaking counterparts. The unification of South Africa in 1910 was thus an act of artificial State formation on a political level. Political unification did not amount to real national union and did not end the bitter memories and past quarrels. In the view of many Afrikaners, British-minded English speakers left no stone unturned to establish English hegemony in all sectors of South African society and indeed to Anglicize South African society completely. One of the focus areas in the politico-cultural conflict between Afrikaners and British-minded English speakers was the armed forces, where the widely divergent military traditions of the two groups had to be reconciled in thinking, organization and training. Technically, the Union of South Africa created its own, independent defence force through the South African Defence Act of 1912. But in practical terms the Union Defence Force (UDF) was still directly and indirectly bound to British military values, standards, conventions and traditions for decades to come. This article examines the nature, extent and consequences of British influence in military training and education in South Africa, with specific reference to the South African Military Academy and its predecessors. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract] Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]