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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Scaling Up Civil Society: Donor Money, NGOs and the Pastoralist Land Rights Movement in Tanzania
Author:Igoe, Jim
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Tanzania
political systems
customary law
land law
development cooperation
property rights
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Politics and Government
Abstract:Tanzania's pastoral land rights movement began with local resistance to the alienation of traditional grazing lands in Masai and Barabaig communities. While these community-based social movements were conducted through institutions that local people knew and understood, they were not coordinated in a comprehensive fashion and their initial effectiveness was limited. With the advent of liberalization in the mid-1980s, they began to gain institutional legitimacy through the registration of pastoralist non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Registered NGOs provided community leaders with a formal mechanism for coordinating local land movements and for advocating for land rights at the international level. The connections of pastoralist NGOs to disenfranchised communities, and the incorporation of traditional cultural institutions into modern institutional structures, resonated with the desires of international donors to support civil society and to create an effective public sphere in Tanzania, making these NGOs an attractive focus for donor funding. In spite of their good intentions, however, donors frequently overlooked the institutional impacts of their assistance on the pastoralist land rights movement and the formation of civil society in pastoralist communities. NGO leaders have become less accountable to their constituent communities, and the movement itself has lost momentum as its energies have been diverted into activities that can be justified in donor funding reports. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]