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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Cote d'Ivoire: Socio-Political Crises, 'Ivoirite' and the Course of History
Author:Akindes, Francis
Periodical:African Sociological Review
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
West Africa
Subjects:political ideologies
political stability
Politics and Government
Economics and Trade
Ethnic and Race Relations
social history
Political development
Political crisis
Social crisis
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43657700
Abstract:The sociopolitical crisis that has developed in Côte d'Ivoire since December 1999 led to a break in a relatively long period of political stability. This article assesses the background and significance of the crisis. It argues that Houphouet-Boigny's 'compromise model', characterized by a predominance of the economic over the political, had reached a saturation point in a society profoundly transformed by economic, demographic and political developments. As a reaction to the effects of three decades of economic openness, a new version of ethnonationalism developed, the so-called 'ivoirité' (Ivorianness). The rhetoric of 'ivoirité' came into existence under the Bédié regime and 'ivoirité' as a State doctrine was reinforced during the period of transition after the military coup of December 1999. Today a central issue is the political reconstruction of new pillars of citizenship. The sociopolitical crisis seems to be rooted in the paradoxical fact that the political class is retreating into an identity logic which engenders exclusions and banishes any perspective of defining a forged citizenship and a shared political culture. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]