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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Missionaries, Hereros, and Motorcars: Mobility and the Impact of Motor Vehicles in Namibia before 1940
Author:Gewald, Jan-BartISNI
Year:2002
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Volume:35
Issue:2-3
Pages:257-285
Language:English
Geographic terms:Namibia
South Africa
Subjects:missions
Herero
colonialism
automobiles
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
Development and Technology
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3097614
Abstract:This article explores the social impact of the motorcar on the relationship between the colonial State, the mission, and the Herero in Namibia in the period before 1940. It looks at how perceptions of space and reality changed, how information regarding these factors and society changed, and how both Herero and European missionaries were affected by, and dealt with, the introduction of the motorcar into their midst. The article disusses the introduction of the motorcar in 1904, the car and South African colonial rule, new legislation regarding the occupation of land and Herero mobility, cars and status, the disadvantages of motor vehicles, cars and farms, the disadvantages of waggons and the use of cars by missionaries. It shows that motor vehicles became an indispensable attribute of colonial rule in Namibia. The introduction of the motorcar led to the development of new hierarchies of power and status. It brought greater mobility and, consequently, contact among people, yet at the same time it led to the loss of contact between the missionaries and large sections of the Namibian population. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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