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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Cape Town Highlanders: Transvaal Scottish Military 'Scotishness' and Social Power in Nineteenth Century South Africa
Author:Hyslop, JonathanISNI
Periodical:South African Historical Journal
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:ethnic identity
political change
military personnel
Military, Defense and Arms
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02582470208671436
Abstract:From the formation of the Cape Town Highlanders, purportedly the first kilted regiment in the southern hemisphere, in 1885, to the postapartheid era, white South Africa has had a long and complex relationship with the Scottish military tradition. The central argument of this article is that across the last century and a quarter, sections of South African society became part of a global politics of military Scottishness. This politics had a number of dimensions. Some Scottish social and political institutions engaged with the 'Scottish' military forces in South Africa in ways which used the notion of an international-Scottish military brotherhood to support their own (varying) conceptions of Scottishness. Both Scots and white South Africans used the prestige of South African-Scottish militarism in their attempts to define their identities vis--vis England. White South Africans engaged in complex social battles amongst themselves over whether and how military Scottishness fitted with South African identity. The article is divided into three broad periods, viz. the colonial era (1885-1910), the Dominion era (1910-1948) and the apartheid era (1948-1990). The article suggestst that, in each of these periods, there was a distinct type of interaction between changing Scottish national identity, military Scottishness in South Africa, and South African political processes. Ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]