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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Liberian Civil War: The Tubman Factor
Author:Frempong, Kaakyire D.
Periodical:Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana (ISSN 0855-3246)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Liberia
West Africa
Subjects:political systems
political change
heads of State
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
History, Archaeology
political history
civil wars
Tubman, William V. S., 1895-1971
Political leadership
Political problems
Abstract:When William Tubman assumed the presidency of Liberia in 1944 an Americo-Liberian hegemony had existed for already more than a century. Notwithstanding the Open Door policy and the Unification Policy, which became virtually synonymous with Tubman's name, the overriding goal remained the retention of Americo-Liberian economic and political hegemony. Tubman merely allowed those changes that did not threaten this hegemony. Other aspects of Tubman's 27 years of rule, such as the personalization of rule, the heavy reliance on security networks, the intimidation of political opponents and the manipulation of the constitution, further establish the close link with Liberia's eventual descent into anarchy. His successor, William Tolbert, was ousted in a coup by Samuel K. Doe in 1980. It would seem that Tubman's rule had made a great impression on Doe, given the parallels that can be drawn between the two leaders. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]