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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ethnic conflict in Northern Ghana, 1980-1999: an appraisal
Author:Brukum, N.J.K.
Periodical:Transactions of the Historical Society of Ghana (ISSN 0855-3246)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Ghana
West Africa
Subjects:ethnic relations
ethnic warfare
Ethnic and Race Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
History, Archaeology
ethnic conflicts
political history
ethnic groups
Conflict management
Abstract:Between 1980 and 1999 there have been twenty intra or interethnic conflicts in the Northern Region of Ghana. With the exception of the Konkomba-Bimoba wars, they have been between 'majority' and 'minority' ethnic groups, that is between groups who did, or did not, build empires in the past, a distinction differentiating the indigenous people of the region and the 'invaders'. For several decades the so-called 'minority' ethnic groups have been relegated to the status of second-rate citizens in the traditional and political administration of the region and there have been attempts to by-pass some 'gates' in the system of rotation to the chiefship. Four ethnic groups - Mamprusi, Dagomba, Gonja and Nanumba - have created the impression that they own all the land in the Northern Region and that they are therefore the 'landlords', the 'ruling class'. The author sketches the precolonial and colonial situation and draws out the remote causes of the contemporary conflicts, which he characterizes as 'wars of emancipation'. He notes that government action has always been belated and that none of the leaders of any group that starts an aggression has ever been punished or reprimanded. He concludes with a number of suggestions for a stable and durable peace in the Northern Region. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]