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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Colonial Flotsam: The Zululand Squatters and the Zululand Lands Delimitation Commission, 1902-1904
Author:Laband, JohnISNI
Periodical:South African Historical Journal
Geographic terms:South Africa
land law
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Law, Human Rights and Violence
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02582470308671447
Abstract:Squatting was, and continues to be closely bound up in South Africa with the land question. Historically, squatting is an issue which has largely affected the black population, but in the case of the province of Zululand at the turn of the 19th century, it was not only Africans who suddenly found themselves in that invidious category. With the incorporation of Zululand into the Colony of Natal on 29 December 1897, the rights to land of the small handful of whites and 'half-castes' or coloureds who were already living in Zululand were not automatically accepted. They were in the same technical category of squatters as tens of thousands of Zulu, without any legal claim to the lands they occupied. However, because they formed such an insignificant group, because what little land they held was agriculturally unimportant, and because there was some sense of settler obligation to them as harbingers of white 'civilization', the two Colonial Commissioners appointed to handle the land issue were predisposed to 'deal liberally' with them. The present paper examines the cases of the Zululand whites who came before the Commission between 1902 and 1904. The sudden insecurity of their situation reveals the human dimension of a group of not always sympathetic frontiersmen - 'the flotsam of the interaction between the colonial world and the old Zulu kingdom..., cast up on the shore of self-governing colonial Natal' - in their personal difficulties and disappointments. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]